Archive for the ‘Military Records’ Category

1918: Joseph Zesut’s Honorable Discharge From The CT Home Guard

June 1, 2008

Several months ago I was doing some Zesut research in the Genealogy section of the CT State Library up in Hartford. When I mentioned to the librarian I was researching ancestors from Glastonbury a woman nearby told me she happened to work for the Historical Society Of Glastonbury. We had a nice conversation about Glastonbury and she told me if she ever came across the Zesut name in their archives she’d get in touch with me.

I recently received an email from her telling me she had come across the Honorable Discharge papers for my Great Grand Uncle Joseph Zesut. Seems the mysterious Joseph had been a member of the Connecticut Home Guard. I was pretty amazed. Due to his death at a young age, we know less about Joseph than any of the other family members so it was great to receive more info about him!

The CT Home Guard was different from the National Guard in that it was a civilian organization established in 1917 for men who could not join the National Guard. Their responsibility would be to perform the military functions of the “militia” during their absence.

Joseph Zesut Home Guard Discharge

SOURCE: State Of Connecticut Military Emergency Board. Glastonbury Historical Society Archives, August 3, 1918.

State Of Connecticut

Military Emergency Board

This certifies that Joseph Zesut a Private of The Second Separate Company CONNECTICUT HOME GUARD who enlisted on the 14th day of May 1918 to serve two years unless sooner discharged, is honorably discharged from the Home Guard of the State ont the 3 day of August 1918 as he is working on the railroad and unable to attend drill.

Given at Hartford this 3rd day of Aug. 1918

By order of the Governor.

Military Emergency Board.

Richard S. Williams

Captain

1918: Joseph Zesut Registers For The Draft

January 30, 2008

In 1917 the United States declared war on Germany. Due to only moderate amounts of citizens enlisting in the military at the time, the draft was initiated in an effort to gather more troops.  On three days in 1917 and 1918, 24 million men born between 1872 and 1900 provided information for draft registration cards. More than 80% of these men were awarded exemptions or referrals and were not asked to serve.

At the time of the draft the only two Zesut’s eligible were my great-grandfather Anthony and his younger brother Joseph.

Following is a microfilm scan of Joseph’s WW1 draft card. Click on the image to view enlargement.

Joseph Zesut WW1 Draft Card 1918

Source: Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M1509, 4,582 rolls. Registration Location: Hartford County, Connecticut; Roll: 1562000; Draft Board: 1.

Joseph Zesut’s WW1 Draft Card

  • 1. Name In Full? Joseph Paul Zesut
  • 2. Permanent Home Address? Box 2 Glastonbury, Htfd Conn
  • 3. AgeIn Years? 18
  • 4. Date Of Birth? March 18, 1900
  • 5. Race? White
  • 14. Alien?Non Declarate
  • 15. If not a citizen, of which country are you a citizen or subject? Austria, (Galicia)
  • 16. Present Occupation? Fireman
  • 17. Employers Name? N.Y.N.H.+H.R.R. Co
  • 19. Nearest Relative? Mrs. Annie Zesut (Mother)
  • 20. Nearest Relative Address? Box 2 Glastonbury Htfd Conn

The reverse side contains the following information:

  • 22. Height? Medium
  • 25. Build? Medium
  • 27. Color Of Eyes? Blue
  • 28. Color Of Hair? Brown

The form indicates he has no reasons for exemption from the draft.
The card is signed by the survey taker Stancliff Hill.

Nothing new here genealogically but I wanted to post everything I had about Joseph since the next post regarding him is fairly important.

1917: Anthony Zesut Registers For The Draft

January 13, 2008

In 1917 the United States declared war on Germany. Due to only moderate amounts of citizens enlisting in the military at the time, the draft was initiated in an effort to gather more troops.

On three days in 1917 and 1918, 24 million men born between 1872 and 1900 provided information for draft registration cards. More than 80% of these men were awarded exemptions or referrals and were not asked to serve.

At the time of the draft the only two Zesut’s eligible were my great-grandfather Anthony and his younger brother Joseph.

Following is a microfilm scan of Anthony’s WW1 draft card. Click on the image to view enlargement.

Anthony Zesut 1917 WW1 Draft Card

Source: Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M1509, 4,582 rolls. Registration Location: Hartford County, Connecticut; Roll: 1562000; Draft Board: 1.

Anthony Zesut’s WW1 Draft Card

  • 1. Name In Full? Anton Ignas Zesut
  • 2. Home Address? Glastonbury, Conn
  • 3. Date Of Birth? May 12, 1895
  • 4. Are you a (3) Alien? An Alien
  • 5. Where were you born? Tarnobrzck, Austria
  • 6. If not a citizen, of which country are you a citizen or subject? Austria
  • 7. What is your present trade, occupation or office? Polisher 13
  • 8. By whom employed? Colts Firearm Co.
  • 9. Dependant? Wife
  • 10. Married Or Single (which)? Married Race (specify which)? Caucasian
  • 11. What Military Service have You Had? No
  • 12. Do you claim exemption from draft? No

The reverse side contains the following information:

  • 1. Tall, medium or short. Specify which. Medium
  • 2. Color of eyes? Brown Color of hair? Dark Brown Bald? No
  • 3. Has person lost arm, leg, hand, foot or both eyes or is he otherwise disabled (specify)? No

The form is signed by the survey taker W.G. Philips in the Glastonbury precinct in the city of Hartford in the state of CT on June 5, 1917.

There’s a nice amount of genealogical material on this small card. I learned for the first time that Anthony’s middle name was Ignas and that his date of birth was May 12, 1895. We also get confirmation that he was now employed by Colt Firearms in Hartford, CT. We see he is referring to himself as “Anton”. Tarnobrzeg, Austria (misspelled on this form) again appears as his place of birth. To top it the document is actually signed by him – a first in this paper trail.

The National Archives now sells color scans of the original draft cards. I intend on ordering a color scan at some time in the future. When it arrives I’ll update this article with the new improved image.

Anthony’s name appeared as “Antone Ignats Zesut” in the June 25, 1917 edition of The Hartford Courant indicating he had fulfilled his duty and registered. Following is the portion of the listing his name appeared in.

Anthony Zesut WWI Draft Reg. Notice - 1917

Source: GLASTONBURY. (1917, June 25). The Hartford Courant (1887-1922),p. 7. Retrieved January 13, 2008, from ProQuest Historical Newspapers Hartford Courant (1764 – 1922) database. (Document ID: 781104542).

 

As it turns out, Anthony was never called to serve.