Since 1790 the United States has conducted a federal census every ten years. A good amount of information can be gleaned from the censuses if you can find the family you’re looking for on them. Due to the spelling of their surname and what I imagine were their heavy Polish accents, the 1910 census was the most difficult Rzeszut U.S census to find. The people taking the censuses (called enumerators) were typically just average people earning a living. Often times they either didn’t speak the language of the household they were enumerating or were gathering information from well meaning friends and neighbors. These communication difficulties often led to extreme misspellings making searches by future generations somewhat difficult.
Anyway…I was able to find our ancestors in the 1920 and 1930 censuses (1940 won’t be released until 2012) but was unable to find them via a name based search of the 1910 one. I had just about given up finding it when I decided to flip through ALL the pages of the Glastonbury Township enumerations, fingers crossed, until I found them. Click the below images to view our Rzeszut family in the 1910 U.S. Federal Census.
Kasper, Anna, and Julia Rzeszut in the 1910 Census – Lines 98-100
Anthony, Joseph, Michael, and William in the 1910 Census – Lines 1-5
SOURCE: 1910 U.S. Census, Hartford County, Connecticut, population schedule, Glastonbury Township, enumeration district (ED) 151, dwelling 319, family 380, digital image, Heritagequest.com (http://www.heritagequest.com): accessed December 2007.
The census tells us the following.
- The census was taken by Louis H. Moseley on April 15, 1910.
- The Rzeszut family is living on Naubuc St. in The Glastonbury Township, in the County Of Hartford in the State Of Connecticut
- The Rzeszut family information begins on line 98 and ends on line 5 of the next page.
- They lived on Naubuc Avenue. No street number is given. The dwelling number is 319.
- They were the 380th family enumerated by this particular census taker.
- Kasper’s name is mispelled Cospa Zesott and he is a 38 year old white male who has been married for 16 years. His place of birth is Austria-Polish as were his parents. His immigration year is erroneously noted as 1908 (it was actually 1907) and he and his family are listed as being aliens as opposed to naturalized citizens. He is only able to speak Polish and is a laborer by trade who works at a paper mill. He can read and write. He didn’t miss a day of work in 1909. He rents the house he lives in.
- Annie is the 38 year old wife of Kasper and has been married to him for 16 years. She has had six children, all of them living. Her place of birth is Austria-Polish as were her parents. Her immigration year was 1909. No occupation is listed and the rest of her entries are blank.
- Julia is the 14 year old daughter of Kasper and Annie. Like her parents she is Austria-Polish. She only speaks Polish and is a laborer at a soap factory. She can read and write but has not attended school since Sept. 1909.
- Anthony is the 16 year old son of Kasper and Annie. Like his parents he is Austria-Polish. He only speaks Polish and is a laborer at a knitting mill. He knows how to read and write but has not attended school since Sept. 1909.
- Joseph is the 11 year old son of Kasper and Annie. Like his parents he is Austria-Polish. He only speaks Polish and does not work. He can read and write and has not attended school since Sept. 1909.
- Michael is the 9 year old son of Kasper and Annie. Like his parents he is Austria-Polish. He only speaks Polish and does not work. He can read and write and has attended school since Sept. 1909.
- Frank is the 2 year old son of Kasper and Annie. Like his parents he is Austria-Polish. Unfortunately, Frank does not yet have an occupation! No other info listed.
- William is the one-month-old son of Kasper and Annie. No other info listed.
Pretty interesting document when you think about it. The members of the household were working and only one of the school age kids was actually attending school. I’m curious as to where exactly Kasper, Anthony and Julia worked. I never knew CT had soap factories and paper mills! Some quick googling has produced a few ideas as to where they might have worked.